Are people who study a musical instrument better able to process and learn foreign languages? What similarities underlie speech and music? Bonus: Discover a fun and simple test to measure a person’s adeptness at learning a foreign language!
My guest today is Dr. Jennifer Krizman, Research Assistant Professor at The Auditory Neuroscience Laboratory (aka Brainvolts) at Northwestern University. The Brainvolts lab investigates sound processing in the brain, and its director, Dr. Nina Kraus, has been a guest on this podcast a couple times (talking about her new book, Of Sound Mind; and also the topic of musicians’ enhanced ability to pick up subtle emotional cues). Professor Krizman‘s research is focused on how experience shapes the brain and its interactions with sensory surroundings; and the brain’s neural encoding of sounds, especially speech. The aim of her research is to improve human communication. She has many degrees, including degrees in Biology, Psychology, Neurobiology & Physiology, and Communication Sciences & Disorders.
- Are people who study a musical instrument better able to process and learn foreign languages?
- How and why does music have this benefit?
- What similarities underlie speech and music?
- How do you measure a person’s adeptness at learning/processing a foreign language?
- Is there a correlation between the age someone begins music training and the extent of this particular benefit.
- Music IS a language.
- Dr. Krizman’s LinkedIn profile
- Dr. Krizman’s Researchgate profile
- Dr. Krizman’s Brainvolts staff page
- Brainvolts Lab
- We mention that Dr. Nina Kraus, Director of Brainvolts Lab, has been a guest on this podcast:
- Dr. Krizman mentions the work of Ani Patel and his OPERA acronym:
- Just SOME of Brainvolts’ music articles:
- Auditory-Processing Malleability Focus on Language and Music by Nina Kraus and Karen Banai
- Musicians have enhanced subcortical auditory and audiovisual processing of speech and music by Gabriella Musacchia*, Mikko Sams†, Erika Skoe*, and Nina Kraus*‡§¶
- Musical experience shapes human brainstem encoding of linguistic pitch patterns by Patrick C M Wong1,2, Erika Skoe1,5, Nicole M Russo1,2,5, Tasha Dees1 & Nina Kraus1–4
- Brainstem Encoding of Speech and Music Sounds in Humans by Nina Kraus and Trent Nicol
- Music training enhances the automatic neural processing of foreign speech sounds by Bastien Intartaglia1, Travis White-Schwoch2, Nina Kraus2,3,4 & Daniele Schön1
- MUSICIANS HAVE FINE-TUNED NEURAL DISTINCTION OF SPEECH SYLLABLES by A. PARBERY-CLARK, a,b A. TIERNEY, a,b D. L. STRAIT a,c AND N. KRAUS a,b,c,d,e *
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[Note from Mindy: This Coda MELTS my heart!] Jen says: I’ve given a lot of thought to the coda. I feel like I should start off by saying that I’m not a musician. Yes, I’ve taken piano lessons, guitar lessons, and I was in the school choir for years as a kid, but I don’t have the skill or the vocabulary that an expert would have. I come from a very musical family and music has always been an emotional connection for us.
When my dad was growing up, he and my grandfather used to play together: my grandfather played the mandolin and my dad played the guitar. And they would sing all of their favorite songs — some (what would now be classified as classic) rock, but mostly country and bluegrass. Sometimes my grandma would join them (everyone in my dad’s family was a musician — his sisters used to play the church organ at Sunday mass).
When my mom was pregnant with me, my grandfather was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. We had just moved to Minnesota and my grandparents were living in Indiana, so it was hard for them to see my parents and my older brother, who was 2, at the time. So, my grandparents made a tape for my brother of them singing and playing so he could hear them and they could give him a memory to share one day with his kids.
After almost 40 years, we only have one song that remains from that tape. I’m not sure who originally wrote it or sang it; I’ve only ever heard it sung in my family, but the song is called Choo-choo please do. It’s the only way I remember the sound of my grandfather’s voice. I was about 8 months old when he died. As I grew up, about once every month or so my father would pull out his guitar and his binder of songs and he would play and sing. As my older brother and my younger sister and brother and I learned the words, we began to join in, singing the words of Hank Williams, Roy Acuff, the Louvin brothers, and Willie Nelson, to name a few. I remember one time, when I was about 8 or 9, I asked my mom why my dad does this. She said that it’s because he misses grandpa and that’s how he remembers him.
Over time, it became a family tradition. Even to this day, our family get-togethers always include a guitar and our favorite family songs. Attached is Choo-choo please do, sung and played by my grandfather — from that tape he made after he was diagnosed with cancer and wanted to give my brother a lasting memory of him. I do not know if this is what you are looking for — it’s completely off topic from bilingualism and musicianship, but it’s the deepest memory and attachment that I have to music.
That has to be one of the most touching recordings I have ever heard! Thank you so much to Dr. Krizman for sharing the heart-warming story from her family’s history with us! What a sweet example of music enhancing her family’s life. And thank you also to Dr. Krizman for sharing the intriguing science and research behind today’s topic… and for putting it in layperson’s terms!
Thanks so much for joining me today. All links from today’s episode – including a transcript of this episode – can be found in the show notes. All links are also in the episode details right in your podcast app. While you’re there, I would love to hear from you! Let me know how music is enhancing YOUR life. You can reach me on email (firstname.lastname@example.org), Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, or LinkedIn.
Thanks so much for joining me today. Until next week, may your life be enhanced with music.
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